Haryana contributes 13.3% towards national production of wheat from the 8.9% of wheat growing area of the country, with an average productivity of nearly 4 tonnes/ha. The area, production and productivity, averaged over last five years are 2.3 million ha, 9.3 tonnes and 4 tonnes/ha respectively. The trend during last five years has shown marginal decline in production and productivity from nearly stable area of cultivation. Wheat production in the state is constant due to reduced soil organic carbon status, nutrient mining, imbalanced fertilization, crop residue burning leading to nutrient and organic carbon loss and declining water table. The major constraints are: threat of Karnal bunt and yellow rust diseases. Cost effective crop production and the suggested technological interventions are:

• Improved varieties

Irrigated timely sown: DBW 17, PBW 502, PBW 343, WH 542, PDW 291(Durum),
PDW 251 (Durum), WH 896 (Durum), PDW 233 (Durum)

Irrigated late sown: DBW 16, PBW 373, RAJ 3765, UP 2425, PBW 226

Rainfed timely sown: PBW 396, PBW 299, WH 533

• Growing of modern high-yielding, new race of yellow rust-resistant variety, DBW 17 and PBW 502 with tolerance to Karnal bunt

• Green manuring with Sesbania between wheat/rice

• Balanced, recommended fertilizer application

• Adoption of resource conservation technologies such as zero tillage, FIRB and laser land levelling

• For diversification of rice-wheat, rice can be substituted by short duration pigeonpea (AL 201, Manak and Pusa 992) maturing in 130 days

• Intensification of rice-wheat system by including vegetable peas (VRP 5, VRP 6 and VRP 22) after rice and mungbean (SML 668, Pusa Vishal and Samrat)/cowpea (CP 3 and CP 4) after wheat for additional benefit of Rs 10,000/ha in case of vegetable pea and Rs 6,000/ha in case of mungbean


Although maize was in cultivation in eastern Haryana three decades ago, its area shifted to rice cultivation owing to enhanced irrigation facility. In the light of the present reduction of groundwater, the unprofitable rice cultivation could give way to maize cultivation since it can be managed with 3–4 light irrigations. Being close to the National Capital region, there is an opportunity to grow speciality corns, such as baby corn, sweet corn, popcorn, green cobs and quality protein maize for poultry feed. The state has the distinction of having the country’s first maize based starch industry. Maize is grown, currently, in an area of 30,000 ha, with production of 70,000 tonnes and productivity 2.5 tonnes/ha. Non-availability of adequate quantity of high-yielding maize seeds as well as growing of longer duration single cross hybrids are the major constraints in enhancing the desired production levels. Suggested interventions are:

• Growing of single cross hybrids (HM 1, HM 2, HM 4, HM 5, HQPM 1)

• Baby corn cultivation in peri-urban area with HM 4 hybrid

• Growing of hybrids HQPM 1 for poultry feed and HQPM 1 and HM 2 for green cob

• Seed production on a large scale to replace the double cross and three way cross hybrids