Maharashtra

STATE-SPECIFIC INTERVENTIONS FOR HIGHER AGRICULTURAL GROWTH

chickpea has experienced significant growth rate in area and production. While the area has increased from 4.56 lakh ha to 10.88 lakh in 2005-06, the production registered four-fold increase from 1.85 lakh tonnes to 7.13 lakh tonnes with productivity increase from 406 kg/ha to 655 kg/ha. The state has great potential for further improvement in productivity. The constraints are poor seed replacement, wilt complex, terminal drought and severe crop damage by Helicoverpa pod borer. Desirable interventions are:

Popularization of short duration, high-yielding, multiple and disease resistant varieties such as 

  Vijay, JG 16, Pusa 391, Dharwad Pragati, Vihar

Promotion of large-seeded kabuli chickpea such as KAK 2 and Virat

Seed dressing with Trichoderma and fungicide like carbendazim and thiram

Foliar spray of 2% urea at flowering and pod formation stage

Bio-intensive Integrated Pest Management modules for control of pod borer

Sprinkler and life saving irrigation

Pigeonpea

It occupies 11.21 lakh ha area with an annual production of 6.33 lakh tonnes, contributing 25% to the national production. The crop has experienced significant growth rates in area, production and productivity during the last three decades. While the area has increased from 6.42 lakh ha in 1975-76 to 11.21 lakh ha in 2005-06, production has increased from 4.06 lakh tonnes to 6.33 lakh tonnes with significant gain in productivity. The production constraints are severe incidence of Fusarium wilt, sterility mosaic disease, Helicoverpa pod borer, poor seed replacement and terminal drought. The major interventions suggested are:

Growing of medium duration high-yielding disease-resistant varieties such as Asha, BSMR 736, BSMR 853 and BSMR 708 in rainfed area

Growing of short duration wilt resistant varieties such as ICPL 87 and GT 101 for double cropping

Bio-intensive Integrated Pest Management module

Soybean

In the last two years, soybean was grown in Maharashtra in an area of about 2.4 million ha producing from 1.9 to 2.4 million tonnes, with an average productivity of 822-1,040 kg/ha. The area is increasing rapidly over the years.The major constraints in its production are rainfed cropping with vulnerability to vagaries of monsoon, non-availability of quality seed and other agro-chemicals in adequate quantity and at right time, lack of awareness on integrated approaches for nutrient and water management as well as pest and disease management, especially rust infection (15-20%). Suitable interventions to overcome constraints and to boost the productivity are:

Use of good quality of seeds of improved varieties [JG 74, JG 315, JG 322, Pusa 391, Vishwas (Phule G 5), Vijay, Vishal, JG 218, JG 16, JG 130, JGG 1, JGK 1 and BGD 128(K)]

Timely sowing after testing of seed for germination a fortnight prior to sowing to ensure seed quality

Planting of soybean on ridge and furrow and/or broad bed furrow to conserve moisture

Timely steps of integrated pest management to mitigate rust infection and invasion by

       

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